The national flag of India :
Tiranga is a rectangular flag which consists of colors: Saffron, White, and Green along with 24 spoke wheel – The Ashoka Chakra in Navy Blue at its center. It was officially declared as the flag of India in August 1947.
A flag is a necessity for all Nations; Millions of people have died for it. A flag represents an ideal; the national flag is a banner that provides a nation it’s own unique Identity and announces principle on which the foundation of the country lies – ‘Mahatma Gandhi.’
Let’s look at India’s flag design history and significance.
India’s flag: Tiranga/Tricolour
Dimension – 2 : 3
The material used – Cotton, Silk, and Khadi
Indian flag design, designer and manufacturer
- The national flag of India is a horizontal rectangular flag which consists of tricolor. This tricolor consists of Indian saffron, white and Indian green. Along with that the Ashoka Chakra – 24 spoke wheel in navy blue at its center.
- By law, the flag of India is to be made of Khadi, silk or cotton. The manufacturing process and specifications for the flags are lead out by Bureau of Indian Standards.
- The right to manufacture the flag is held by the Khadi Development and Village production commission.
- Usage and hoisting of the flag are governed by the Flag Code of India and other laws relating to the national emblems.
India’s flag length and breadth (Size of National flag of India)
|Sr no.||Length and width (mm)||Size of Ashoka Chakra (mm)|
Indias Flag dimension and size
According to the Flag Code of India, the Indian flag has a ratio of two by three, i.e., the length of the flag is 1.5 times that of the width.
All three strips of the flags should be equal in width and length. The size of Ashoka Chakra in the flag is not specified, but it has 24 strokes, which are evenly spaced.
India’s Flag Color :
Designed and Manufactured
The version of India’s flag closest to the current one came into existence in 1923 which was designed by Pingali Venkayya.
As of 2008, the sole manufacturer of the flag has been Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha.
India Flag colors meaning
Few days before India became independent, the Constituent Assembly decided that the flag of India should be acceptable to all parties and communities.
A modified and updated version of the Swaraj flag was chosen as National flag of India. The tricolor remained the same; however, the Charkha was replaced by Ashoka Chakra representing the eternal wheel of law.
The colors and symbols of the Indian National flag hold deep meaning. Every color in the National Flag represents a specific aspect of Indian culture.
“The saffron stands for sacrifice and renunciation, the white stands for courage and immortality. The Ashoka Chakra with 24 spokes at the center. It represents justice, righteousness, and forwardness. It symbolizes constant movement which must show progress and repels stagnation.
As per Secular principles of India as a country. The saffron represents Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. The white is for Christians, and Green stands for Islam.
India’s flag as a whole represents all religious principles and above all, a philosophy of tolerance, righteousness depicted by the Ashoka Chakra in the middle.
Philosopher and Vice President of India, Dr. Sarvapalli Radha Krishnan put forward to the world the meaning of Indian flag in his terms.
“Bhagwa or the Saffron color denotes renunciation or disinterestedness. Our leader must be indifferent to material gain and dedicated themselves to their work.
The white represents light, which shows the path of truth to guide our conduct.
The green shows of relation to the soil plants life, on which our survival depends.
The Ashoka Chakra in the center of white is the wheel of ‘Law of Dharma.’
It represents truth or Satya, and dharma ought to be the controlling principle of those who work under this flag.
Also, the wheel denotes motion, the motion of life. There is life in movement; there is death in stagnation. India should no more remit change; it must go forward; it should move. It represents peaceful change.”
India flag history – Evolution
The flag can be seen prior from the start of British rule in India, which were used by different Kings to represent their kingdom and states.
But after the start of British rule in India, they introduced flags to represent the British colony of India after the revolt of 1857.
The flag was blue with Union Jack on the upper left corner with a star enclosed by a crown placed at down right corner. It was the first flag introduced in India by the British government.
The First India Flag :
The first unofficial flag to be hoisted by the Indian was on August 7, 1906, in Calcutta. This flag consisted of three color stripes of green, yellow, and red with the uppermost green segment containing eight lotuses and in middle yellow section consisted of word Vande Mataram in Sanskrit. In the bottom stripes, it consisted of a Sun at the right-hand side of red band and a crescent on the left.
Introduction to saffron color
After the hostage of 1906 a new slightly modified version of India’s flag was hoisted in 1907 by Madame Cama and her group in Paris. This flag consisted of 7 lotuses instead of 8, and it was the first time the Saffron color was used in the flag.
Gandhi’s Idea of flag :
After these hostages, several more concept of the flag was proposed, but they did not gain popularity.
But in 1923, Gandhi proposed a tricolor flag with a spinning wheel at its center. The color of the flags were white, red and green with white at uppermost, green in the middle and red on the bottom representing peace, hope, and sacrifice.
Existence of Swaraj Flag
The version of the flag closest to the current flag of India came into existence in 1923 which was designed by Pingali Venkayya.
It had saffron, white and green stripes with spinning wheel placed in the white section.
It was hosted on April 13, 1923, in Nagpur.
It was named the Swaraj Flag and become a symbol of India’s demand for self-rule led by INC.
The resolution to adopt the tricolor and the national flag of India was planned in 1931 after which the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Swaraj flag as National flag of Sovereign India and Ashoka Chakra replacing the spinning wheel on July 22, 1947.
Rules and Protocols for displaying the Indian National Flag.
There are several Do’s and Don’ts of handling the Indian National Flag which is governed by the Flag Code of India (2002), Prevention of Improper use of Emblems and Names Act (1950) and The Prevention of Insult to National Honour Act (1971).
These are as follows :
- The Flag should never be displayed upside down with which saffron should always be on top in horizontal and at left in vertical representation.
- The flag must never touch the ground or water or be used as a drapery or clothes in any form.
- When out in the open, the flag should always be flown between sunrise & sunset irrespective of conditions of weather.
- It is considered insulting to display the flag in a frayed or dirty state.
- The original flag code of India did not allow private citizens to flag the national flag except on national days such as Independence day & Republic day.
- But after the appeal and petition of Naveen Jindal, the Union Cabinet of India amended the Indian Flag Code with effect from 26 January 2002, which allowed private citizens to hoist the flag on any day of the year with safeguarding, dignity, honor & respect of the flag.
- The Flag should be displayed on the right as per the position of authority when indoor. If it is displayed anywhere else in the hall, it should be to the right of the audience.
- While in Parade, procession or carried out with another Flag or Flags, it should be on marching right or alone in the center at front.
- The flag may be flown half-mast as a sign of mourning to which its decision lies with President of India.
- Soiled National Flag may be disposed of as a whole in private preserving the dignity of the flag & should not be disposed of disrespectfully.
- On the occasion of armed forces personnel funerals, the National Flag should be draped over the coffin with Saffron towards their head. However, it should never be lowered into the grave or burnt in the pyre.
Pdf of all Rules and regulations: Download here
India’s National Flag represents the concept of secularism with a profound meaning within itself. It represents the concept that this country was built upon.